More Info: www.biodiversitysitia.gr
The Natural Park of Sitia is on the easternmost edge of Crete, in the Municipality of Sitia. It covers the entire area of the former Kapodistrian Municipality of Itanos, as well as parts of the former Municipalities of Lefki and Sitia. Geographically, it extends from cape Kavo Sidero, in the north, to the southern coast of the Municipality, the edges of the city of Sitia, to the west, and the coast of Zakros, to the east. It is mainly a mountainous area, with the Zakros Mountains dominating the landscape and the lace-like coastline all along the shores.
Park's boundary have been assigned in detail covering an area of 361,4 km2 (or 361,4 hectares).
Eastern Crete, and especially the area of Sitia, is one of the most important and environmentally unique areas of Crete. Its geographical position on the eastern edge of the island, which allowed for the exchange of species with Asia Minor, in combination with the intense dry and hot climate of the area, created a mosaic of habitats and ecosystems, some of which, such as the Palm Forest of Vai, are unique in the Mediterranean.
All terrain features within a territory, namely rocks, ores and fossils, as well as the physical processes affecting them comprise the local geodiversity. Major features, i.e. those most significant among them, are called geotopes and, as a whole, they comprise the region's geological heritage. Sitia Nature Park hosts an impressive geological heritage that includes impressive rocks, from the majority of the tectonic units of Crete, peculiar landforms and landscape features, tectonic structures, and many fossils.
More than 100 geotopes, have been identified within the area of the Park, and are presented on the various maps of the Park, awaiting you to discover them.
The Info Center at Karydi is hosted at the old school of the village and is dedicated to the speleological research. The center offers information on the Nature Park, the nearby geo-routes and the activities that can be implemented, but also can be used for accommodation of small groups and scientists.
The Zakros Natural History Museum, which is located at the Polykentro building of Zakros, is dedicated to the natural environment of the Park.
More Info: www.sitia-geopark.gr